Congregazione dei Sacri Cuori di Gesù e di Maria,
Fratelli e Sorelle
Meeting of the Conference of the Provincials of Europe and Africa (CEA) (Brs)
SAINT PACHOMIUS, Protector of the Congregation
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"In the communion of the Church, the People of God, the Congregation of the Sacred Hearts of Jesus and Mary and of Perpetual Adoration of the Most Blessed Sacrament of the Altar is an Apostolic Religious Congregation of pontifical right, founded by Pierre Coudrin and Henriette Aymer de la Chevalerie."
(art. 1, SS.CC. Constitutions)
The Good Father Pierre Coudrin
In a Church in constant conflict with French political authority during the final years of the eighteenth century, Father Pierre Coudrin was before all else a pastor. His burning zeal for the coming of the Kingdom, his untiring dedication to the direct service of souls, his daring clandestine ministry during a time of persecution were things that defined his personality and the community that he would found.
The mystical grace that he receives in hiding in the loft of the Motte, gives his priesthood the perspective of spreading the Gospel even to the most remote islands. Going out of the grain loft, he kneels at the foot of a holm oak tree and vows to “suffer everything, to give himself to God. to die if necessary in his service.” And already he sees himself with many brothers and sisters. The pastor is becoming a founder.
Convinced of being part of the mysterious plan of God and attentive to the signs of God’s action he finds in the Society of the Sacred Heart a group of women who were looking for something more and who are already leading a sort of religious life. It is there that he meets Henriette Aymer. United in giving themselves to the Sacred Hearts, the community grows, centered in the Gospel and the redemptive love of God manifested in the pierced Heart of Christ.
Once he takes his vows on Christmas 1800, the now Father Marie Joseph is at the service of this work of God. He no longer thinks just of himself. Along with his service to the community, he also exercises the pastoral ministry as vicar in different dioceses (Tours, Sées, Troyes, Rouen, etc.). He also desires to bring to reality the dream of missions in far off islands. The two loves of his heart are the service of the Church and the expansion of his Congregation. His visits, letters, counsel and love accompany the rapid growth of the Congregation. The man from the country becomes the leader of a brotherhood with all its different people and circumstances. Everyone knew that he was really “the Good Father.”
The Good Father’s dates
- March 1, 1768, he is born in Coussay-les-Bois, a little town near the city of Poitiers.
- In 1790 he is ordained subdeacon and deacon. That same year the Constituent Assembly approves the Civil Constitution of the Clergy. Priests have to take the oath or face exile.
- March 4, 1792, he is ordained to the priesthood in a secret ceremony in the library of the Irish College in Paris.
- From May to October 1792 he spends five long months in hiding in the loft of the chateau of the Motte d’Usseau. It is there that he has the spiritual experience that will lead to his founding the Congregation.
- October 20, 1792 he leaves the loft and begins his clandestine apostolate in the midst of the Reign of Terror. He carries out his ministry in Poitiers and surroundings.
- November 1794, he meets Henriette Aymer.
- December 24, 1800, he professes his first vows. The Congregation is born.
- March 27, 1837, at the age of 69, he dies at Picpus in Paris. His last words are of the missions, “ Valparaíso... Gambier... ”.
The Good Mother Henriette Aymer
Living in French society in the later years of the “Ancien Regime”, Henriette receives an education in the religious values of the French tradition and the somewhat superficial formation considered appropriate for a woman.
She experiences the impact of social and religious persecution. Seeking meaning for her life, after encountering God in prison, she is led to the Society of the Sacred Heart, to Father Coudrin, her guide and to the group of “Solitaries” with whom she will begin to journey. This is the first nucleus of the Congregation.
From that time on she gives herself to forming the Congregation. Around her gather the Solitaries and other women who are looking for an opportunity to consecrate themselves after the destruction of religious life during the terror. Her innate gift for leadership allows her to grow into a foundress and even more, a mother. Her goodness along with a strong, lively and sensible character made her mother and foundress in the sisters’ branch as it grew rapidly in those first years.
One of the dilemmas we find in the life of “the Good Mother” is the conjunction of aspects that are seemingly contradictory. Her deep mystical life led her to spend hours in adoration, in continual union with God and to the experience of mystical phenomena that she herself was unable to explain but which Father Coudrin took advantage of to know the plan of God for the young Congregation. Joined to her mystical side was tireless activity. She made more than twenty foundations in different parts of France, attended to the sisters’ formation and supported the superiors she appointed to local communities.
Henriette had the practical responsibility for all the material aspects of both branches. She was a true mother in her love and her concern for all. And we must also mention the incomprehensible need she felt to do penance that today we would consider excessive. Add to that her travel and long hours of night adoration, the life of the Good Mother is ”a constant miracle,” as the Good Father said.
Her correspondence with both brothers and sisters, her short “messages” for the Good Father, what we call her “billets,” and the witness of those who knew her, speak to us a strong and sensitive personality, a woman of action and also deep feeling, a woman with common sense who was also a contemplative like the great mystics. She was a complex and rich woman of God and mother of many, the “Good Mother.”
The Good Mother’s dates:
- August 11, 1767, she is born in Saint Georges-de-Noisné, a village to the southwest of Poitiers.
- From 1785 to 1793 she lives her early years in a “worldly” way, proper to the condition of a woman of the noble class.
- October 22, 1793 to September 11, 1794 she is imprisoned in the Hospitalaires prison in Poitiers, having been arrested for hiding priests who refused to take the oath of the Civil Constitution of the Clergy. In prison she has a conversion experience, which changes the direction of her life.
- March 1795, she is accepted as an extern member of the Association of the Sacred Heart. Father Coudrin is one of the spiritual directors of the group.
- October 20, 1800, she makes her first vows along with four companions.
- December 24, 1800, she makes her final vows.
- November 23,1834, she dies at Picpus in Paris.
On Christmas 1800, the Founder and Foundress commit themselves to carry forward this work. In 1817 Pope Pius VII gives the Congregation papal approval with the document "Pastor aeternus".
- Billet to the Good Father
- Correspondence of the Good Mother (Nov. 1803 - April 1809) *
- Correspondence of the Good Mother (May 1809 - Nov. 1817) *
- Correspondence of the Good Mother (Dec. 1817 - May 1821)*
- Correspondence of the Good Mother (June 1821 - Dec. 1822) *
- Correspondence of the Good Mother (Jan. 1823 - May 1825)*
- Correspondence of the Good Mother (Juin 1825 - Sept. 1829) *
- Correspondence of the Good Mother and the Good Father (1802 - 1834) *
- Correspondence of the Good Mother and Gabriel de la Barre *
- Henriette Aymer (Therese Tremblay) *
- Petition of the Sisters to the Vicars Capitular of Poitiers
* Those books are available only in French